1838

Ullanlinna sea spa and Kaivohuone are opened in Kaivopuisto – tourism begins in Finland.

imageEmperor Nicholas I wanted to prevent Western nobility and revolutionary views from spreading from Europe to Russia, for which reason he restricted the ability of his underlings to travel abroad. Helsinki was quick to capitalize on the travel restrictions and to attract St. Petersburg high society and their middle-class followers to the town.

The Ullanlinna sea spa and Kaivohuone were opened in Kaivopuisto in 1838. Prices were reasonable, Helsinki was a tranquil and safe place to visit, and steamboat service made travelling easy. Concerts and dances were held at the spa.

imageThe Seurahuone hotel and its restaurants were opened in 1833. It immediately became the focal point of public life in the city, and the place of choice for Finnish statesmen of the nineteenth century to gather and discuss important imperial and local questions of the day. The Emperor’s name day, university degree conferment celebrations, concerts, and other special days were held and celebrated there. The estates met there during parliamentary season for dinners and dances. 

In a meeting held on 12 October 1825, the most important among Helsinki’s bourgeoisie founded an enterprise called Teaterhusaktiebolaget i Helsingfors (Theatre House Public Limited Company in Helsinki). The purpose of the enterprise was to build a theatre on the Esplanade, subject to permission from the Emperor. imageThe building was designed by Superintendent Carl Ludvig Engel, who was a shareholder in the company and a member of its board of directors. The first share was taken out by Governor General Zakrewsky. The Theatre opened on 9 March 1827 with a production by the Arnold Schultz ensemble entitled “Die Schauspielkunst”, followed by a play entitled “Die Corsen in Ungarn”.